Microbiology Bacteria Testing
Bacteria and microorganisms are extremely important in soil health. The most dominant and numerous of the microorganisms present in soil are bacteria. Numbers of bacteria can be anywhere from 100,000 to several hundred million per gram of soil. Other forms of microorganisms include actinomycetes, fungi and protozoa.
Microscopic life is important in soil for a number of reasons:
- Involvement in nutrient transformation process
- Decomposition of resistant components of plant and animal tissue
- Role in microbial antagonism
- Participation in humus formation
- Maintenance of biological equilibrium
- Surface blooming reduces erosion losses
- Predatory action against nematodes
- Improved soil structure
Many bacterial life forms are detrimental to plant life and must be kept in check. Certain funguses or blights can wipe out entire crops. Having appropriate pH and organic matter in the soil can reduce the risks of having these diseases.
Identification of particular bacteria or fungus is important for treating plant disease. Both the types of bacteria, as well as the count, determine the type and quantity of biocide needed.